​Soil pH Levels Explained

Basically, all soils with a pH higher than 7.0 are alkaline, but most garden plants withstand a pH up to around 7.5. Alkaline soils are usually composed of basic (high pH) source elements like limestone (calcium carbonate). High-pH soils are far more common in dry environments, since rainfall does not wash away the calcium and other essential elements out of the soil.

A pH level of 7.0 is completely neutral. A pH value fewer than 7.0 indicates that the soil is acidic. A pH value higher than 7.0 suggests the soil is alkaline. The greater part of grasses will develop good in soil with a pH level between 6.5 to 7.5.

Soil pH shows how alkaline or acidic the soil is. The pH range is from 0 to 14 with neutral to be 7 on the scale. Acidic soil is a pH level less than 7 and alkaline soil is a pH level over 7.

The quality of plant development and reproduction is influenced by the pH level of the soil and the demands vary based on the plants on their own. The pH value is particularly associated to how attainable nutrients in the soil are for the plants. Different plants need different pH levels. For example, azaleas and blueberries have their best in acidic soils with a pH around 5 or 5.5. Grasses, decorative flowers, and greens favor a fairly acidic soil with a pH between 5.8 and 6.5. Lack of nutrients may result of the soil pH is over or less than the advised range.

If the pH is less than 7.0, you will need to increase it. The soil pH can be brought up by placing lime to the soil. When the pH is more than 7.0, you will have to reduce it. The soil pH can be reduced by including sulfur to the soil. In spite of what you are putting in to the soil, use a lawn spreader to insert the material equally. The difference to this is if you have a new lawn, you can till the correct amount of material into the soil prior to seeding or sodding. Be aware that lime requires time to work, so don't assume effects for about a few months.

If you want to reduce your pH, based on a soil test, use sulfur or aluminum sulfate. Sulfur will transform over time into sulfuric acid getting more time to change the pH than aluminum sulfate which works immediately.

Read about lawn aeration here and here.


​Soil Fertility Tips

In your organic garden it is essential to have fertile and productive soil to establish optimal growing conditions for healthy vegetables and great crop. Soil fertility is ideal when necessary nutrients are accessible to your plants and when the humus levels are more than 5%.

Humus is the steady decomposed leftovers of plant tissues. It is an output of composted organic matter. The cellulose in humus functions like a sponge and holds humidity in the garden soil, accessible for growing plants, building better drought threshold. It has a water-holding potential of up to five times its own weight.

It helps avoid water-soluble nutrients from becoming drained from the soil through watering or rainfall by sustaining itself to the nutrients, but simultaneously making them around for roots.

It also provides loosened, soft composition in heavy clay soils, while letting free drainage through heavy rain; and gives adherence in sandy soils.

That is why humus is actually the best way to defeat any problems you may have with your soil. Humus is also essential to sustain healthy levels of critical soil organisms, fungi, bacteria and earthworms.

Before you do anything else, examine the state of your garden and prepare the necessary modifications you would carry out in order to make your garden in good condition for all times and for a steady seeding without compromising its fertility condition.

Preserving your soil productive and healthy all the time is somewhat boring in your part, since you'll be doing some improvements just to keep up the soil in tip top shape the whole year. You can seed and place your vegetables, herbs, and flowers regularly while not depriving your soil from its key components necessary for strong and healthy plants.

How to keep your soil fertile.

Keep your soil lively at all times. A live soil represents for all the soil microorganisms worms below that support in retaining and protecting the soil form for keeping nutrient elements supply to the plants. Below the soil there are some microorganisms like earthworms that can help to offer organic matter through their excrement to boost fertility of the soil.

You should be cautious in cultivating your garden not to go deeper to prevent troubling their tunnels which they used to move easily beneath. These tunnels also allow oxygen free flow around the soil and causes the plant roots easily go through further to reach for more food components.

Use natural organic mulch. Once you've placed your crops, set out on top of your beds some organic mulching items to keep up soil moisture and defend the advantageous microorganisms.

Natural organic mulch when decomposed and mixed with the soil behaves as amendments and elevates the quality of the soil as they break down into useful plant nutrients.

Take care of the fertility of your soil by using these guidelines to boast your efficiency and supply you with a steady supply of healthy vegetables, herbs, or flowers for every special situation needs.